The name derives from the Greek word Pula husks which means passage. In medieval times the territory of Pula was called Padulis de Nura because occupied by vast wetlands. Villa di Pula, this is the name taken in the Aragonese period, was given in fief to nobles and officials. It became part of the county of Quirra and from the 17th century began its rebirth with the reclamation and the development of farming promoted by the Christian religious Pula built some of their settlements. In the early 1800s, thanks to the incentives of the state, the territory of Pula saw intensify the reclamation and development of olive spread the fruit and still today agriculture is the main economic resource along with tourism and commerce increasingly growth. The most important historical monuments of Pula are the Villa Santa Maria built in neoclassical style, the parish, the church of Sant’Efisio and of course the archaeological area of Nora.
Most likely the site was inhabited in ancient times by Nora Nuragical: Some remains of pottery belonging to the Nuraghic were found on the tip Coltellazzo. Also in the South-East of the baths in the sea there is a sacred well (which still has not been excavated) with a series of steps leading down to the water. Currently there are no remains of buildings in the city nuragiche, but it is likely that there was a nuragic tower where now stands the tower of Coltellazzo. The buildings in the background nuragiche are very dense: the importance of Sa Guardia Mongiasa, close enough to the city, there are the remains of a small dolmen.
Nora was founded by the Phoenicians from epigraphs (inscriptions on stone) Phoenician eighth century. C. Nora found to indicate this city as the first of Sardinia.
The Phoenician sailors came from the sea, and saw that the area had a good shelter for ships during a storm, settled first by building the first urban center built warehouses for the collection of raw materials and as peaceful trade relations with the inhabitants of the place and with the increase of trade, the city grew in size and began to extend beyond the area of the promontory until probably occupy the lower part of the peninsula.
With the flourishing of maritime power of Carthage, the Phoenicians were expelled and 509 BC Sardinia came under Carthaginian domination archaeological remains of the Punic period are not numerous in Nora: go back to that time the foundations of the temple of Tanit, the fortifications on the tip Coltellazzo and some remains of houses and walls, as in all the buildings Carthaginians overlapped newer buildings from Roman times.
During the Carthaginian Nora took advantage of maritime traffic in the Mediterranean basin, as evidenced by the rich grave goods found in the Punic tombs: pottery, amulets, jewelry from Greece, Africa, Italy. The city therefore had to be quite rich and active.
It was to be the center of a dense network of exchanges: copper coming from central Sardinia, dishes Etruscan, Attic pottery, lead and silver Sulcis gold from the Sahara, copper objects from Cyprus, handmade African ivory. Few traces remain of the Punic city: among them the Tophet and cemeteries destroyed by the sea.
In 238. C. Sardinia was conquered by the Romans, and even Nora came under Roman rule. At first it was the seat of the government and was considered the main town, but soon Karalis replaced it in that role ..
However, even after Nora remained an important city: it was caput viae (city at the beginning of an important road, from which there were distances). The importance of the town is attested by the presence of four public baths, a theater and an amphitheater (not yet excavated) and some villas situated at a certain distance from the city center itself, the homes of ordinary people were instead of small size, consisting mostly of a single environment on the lower floor and a wooden loft on the upper floor used for sleeping.
The archaeological remains preserved in the Museum of Pula give us an idea of everyday life in the city of Nora: These are everyday objects manufactured on site or from all the Mediterranean coast.
The slow decline of Nora began in the fourth century AD, when the Roman Empire began to crumble and the seas became insecure. With the arrival of the Vandals (455 AD), the city completed its life cycle with the slow abandonment by the inhabitants, who preferred to settle in the interior, in safer areas.
In the seventh century A.D. began the raids of the Saracen pirates and now Nora was considered more a Praesidium (military fortress) that an urban center in the eighth century AD There are traces of a fire in the spa area at sea. Then the area was abandoned.
So the story of Nora extends over a period of 1600 years, from the eighth century BC the eighth century A.D.
The town of Pula is located in the south western part of the Gulf of Cagliari, and is only 30 km from the city today is a major tourist resort, known worldwide thanks to its white sandy beaches (sandy Guventeddu, the beach at the foot of Nora the famous archaeological site of Nora with the beautiful Roman amphitheater where summer organize performances of music and theater of high standard and the small town of Pula, with its characteristic houses campidanesi overlooking the streets, transformed into cozy shops, restaurants , pizzerias and pubs, where during the day and at night, visitors can shop, eat and drink while sitting comfortably immersed in the atmosphere of summer nights experiencing the various musical performances, variety shows and theater. organized by the City in the summer.