The city of Cagliari is the capital of Sardinia is located in the South and overlooks the beautiful Gulf of the Angels of Cape Teulada and Capo Carbonara. The climate is typically Mediterranean, with hot summer, but almost always breezy with the moisture content and the spring and autumn are crossed by a mild and pleasant temperature and the winter is hardly crossed by cold currents, only a few days temperature drops below freezing.
The City today
Cagliari today is a thriving tourist town, was born in the hills with his old neighborhood “The Castle” is visited throughout the year by thousands of tourists, thanks to the new cruise terminal and docking of cruise ships (national and international), as well as various monuments, museums, parks, Molentargius pond with beautiful colonies of pink flamingos.
the lookout, has its own beautiful beach, home to sailing events and jet skis at the international level, for those who love the sun and get a nice healthy bath there is nothing better than the beach Poetto one of the finest of the Mediterranean up to move along the coast to the east and west side, with beaches and coves lapped by crystal clear sea.
Cagliari is worth a visit, is a city bright and welcoming, lends itself to relaxing and pleasant walks along the arcades of Via Roma facing the port, then start along the streets of the marina and more on to the castle from where you can admire gorgeous views and unforgettable sunsets, is full of quaint shops, cafes and ice cream parlors, restaurants, taverns, sandwich shops, and a lot of music until late at night. After a nice walk do nothing but sit in front of a table set and enjoy cooking Cagliari and swallow the bite with a generous wine.
Food and wine
The resulting dishes are varied and particular with some influences of Genoese and Catalan as the “mazzamurru” which is a soup of stale bread, the “guisau” which is a stew and “cassola” (fish soup), the “malloreddus “(dumplings made by hand) and” burrida “(catfish marinated chunks). Among the former, typical Sardinian are to be tasted: the “impanadas” (trousers stuffed with meat and vegetables), the “angiulottus” or “culingiones” (ravioli stuffed with ricotta and herbs or meat) and “fregula” or “suc” (semolina soup with saffron). The latter are characterized by dishes of wild boar meat and game. The cheeses are the most common “flower Sardinian pecorino” and “drill” a soft cheese. There are also different types of sweets such as “pardulas” (sweet cheese), the “candelaus” (sweets made of almond paste orange), the “sabadas” (sweet fried ravioli covered with honey) and “pabassinas “(sweets made with raisins). Among the wines are: Cannonau, Carignano del sulcis, Vermentino, Malvasia, the Girò, Nuragus Nasco and Moscato and all the distinct flavors and unique.
Thanks to its geographical position in the center of the Mediterranean, off the coast of Cagliari since ancient times have been a safe haven for all those people who sailed the sea with their agile ships. The first to land in the Gulf of Cagliari were the Phoenicians. They followed, in chronological order, the Carthaginians, the Romans, the Vandals, the Goths, the Byzantines, the Arabs, the Pisans, the Aragonese and the Spanish, the Austrians and, finally, the piemontesi.Le origins of the city of Cagliari are ancient. The area around which it developed was inhabited by humans since prehistoric times, as evidenced by the many evidences found in the cave of St. Elias in the cave of St. Bartholomew, in the Cave of Pigeons and the hill of Monte Claro, who gave his name to the original civilization that flourished between 2500-2000 BC The city was first inhabited by the Phoenicians and later the Carthaginians, who gave him the name “Krly. Following the first Punic War in 238 BC the city came under Roman rule, and was called by the name of Karalis, following the Spanish rule, the city was finally called Cagliari. For all the Sardinians Cagliari, is simply Casteddu, extending to the entire city the name of the historic district of Castello, founded by Pisa at the beginning of the thirteenth century AD. There are several testimonies of the Roman period as the “Capitolium” (the temple dedicated to the Capitoline Triad: Jupiter, Juno and Minerva), the Basilica and other buildings unearthed during excavations 800. A temple was found in street-theater Angioj between 1938-39. Several spas have been found in the area between the villa and the Tigellio Largo Carlo Felice. Private homes were located between Via Tigellio, where still stand the remains of three Roman domus and a spa.
With the rule of the Pisani radically changed the appearance of Cagliari, the Pisans to defend against enemies, moved from the urban area of the lagoon encircling the hill of the castle of fortified walls and towers: Tower of San Pancrazio and the Elephant Tower , nicknamed “the twin towers”.
From the fourteenth to the eighteenth century, the city was under the Aragonese and Spanish and administered the city according to the model city Barcelona, assigning all the tasks of government to citizens Catalan, Majorcan, Valencian and Aragonese. The castle continued to be the center of the political, administrative and economic. The Cagliari and Sardinia in general continued to be excluded from the government and from the walls of the castle. From 1328 until 1583, a trumpet (the “Trumpet de fora Sarts”) required the Sardinians to leave the castle every evening at sunset, under penalty of being thrown down from the ramparts. In the early 1600’s was established in Cagliari ‘s University, then known as General Study. It was officially opened in 1626 with four faculties: theology, medicine, law and philosophy. Its headquarters was established in a building on Independence Square (where now stands the Palazzo Sanjust). In 1720 the government began Piedmontese Victor Amadeus II, King of Sardinia you later undertook the significant reforms that sought to standardize on the one hand, the customs of the Sardinians with those of other states of the kingdom, on the other hand, working on disaster internal situation of the island. With the financial help of the clergy, the city mobilized immediately and called the faithful to fight a real religious crusade, the Fort of St. Ignatius was equipped with cannons and powerful new bastions were built and invoking the protection of Efisio the popular militia, repelled the attack of the French fleet, as a result of this success, asked the king Vittorio Amedeo III greater participation in the government of the island with the reservation of public office only to Sardinia, except the office of viceroy. The refusal of the king and the continuous provocations of the Piedmont, the Cagliari in May 1794, cacciaono all Piedmont, and every year, on April 28 “Sa die de sa Sardinia”, this event is celebrated with events that bring costume events . Following the Sardinians were clamoring for the abolition of feudalism, the feudal lords were forced to flee, but in the following years the movement was repressed, the palace of the Viceroy’s Palace in Piazza Castello, the palace became the residence of Vittorio Emanuele I. In 1847, the municipality of Cagliari won by King Charles Albert signing the document, which extended to the subjects Sardinian laws and regulations in force in the rest of the possessions of Savoy. The perfect fusion was greeted by Cagliari with great demonstrations of enthusiasm. The most important and immediate consequences for the island were the abolition of customs levies, the introduction of civil and criminal codes, the extension of the Albertine Statute (the constitution granted by the king in 1848) and the abolition of the office of viceroy . Ceased to exist as the independent Regnum Sardiniae and Cagliari, the capital of a kingdom, will become the capital of the province.
The history of the city after the unification of Italy to be confused with national history. Cagliari also lived the hard years of fascism during the Second World War, was hit hard by allied bombing aviation. Were the tragic bombing of 17, 26 and 28 February and 13 May 1943 that destroyed much of the town and caused the death of many citizens. Since 1948, Cagliari is the capital of the Autonomous Region of Sardinia (Article 2 of the Statute of RAS), and now the population has reached 250 thousand inhabitants.